Since April 1, 2019 taxpayers have been facilitated with an increased turnover limit for the applicability, inclusion of service providers and reduced tax rates through GST Composition Scheme. Important points about GST Composition Scheme are discussed in this article for the readers’ knowledge and understanding.
Composition Scheme is a tax paying mechanism coming under GST for taxpayers. It is applicable for small businesses. Composition Scheme offers two advantages:
For taxpayers under the normal scheme, they had to return three monthly GST returns - GST 1, GST 2 and GST 3 and one annual return. Under GST Composition Scheme, taxpayers need to file just one quarterly return (GSTR4) and one annual return (GSTR 9A). Under GST Composition Scheme, the taxpayer needs to pay 1% to 6% of their turnover.
Taxpayers who have turnover below Rs.1.5 Cr are eligible to be categorized under Composition Scheme. The limit is different for the North Eastern States and Himachal Pradesh and is Rs.75 Lakhs.
According to the CGST Amendment Act, 2018, under Composition Scheme, a dealer can supply services to an extent of 10% of turnover or Rs.5 Lakhs, whichever is higher, which came into effect from February 1, 2019.
People falling under the following categories cannot opt for the scheme:
• Ice cream, pan masala or tobacco manufacturer
• Inter-state supplier
• Casual taxable person or non-resident taxable person
• Supplier of goods through E-commerce medium
Those who choose Composition Scheme should fulfill the following conditions:
• Dealer opting Composition Scheme cannot claim Input Tax Credit
• GST excluded goods cannot be supplied by the dealer
• The taxpayer is liable to pay normal transaction rates applicable under Reverse Charge Mechanism
• A taxable person who has various business under the same PAN number, then all these businesses needs to be registered together under the scheme or exit of the scheme
• The taxpayer should mention “composition taxable person” on every business letters like notice, displayed signboard and bill of supply issued by him/her at their business place.
A fixed tax rate is applied to your business turnover after registering under GST Composition Scheme and these rates are as follows:
Taxpayers can apply for the GST Composition Scheme online through the GST website portal http://www.gst.gov.in/. The user has to then file GST CMP-02 as your acceptance for coming under the GST composition. The intimation should be provided by the dealer opting for the Composition Scheme at the beginning of every Financial Year.
GST Composition Scheme has the following advantages:
GST Composition Scheme is an intelligent way that makes simpler the taxation process and reduces tax liability. Hence the Composition Scheme offers better working capital management for businesses.
The Goods and Service Tax (GST) is an indirect/consumption tax levied on the supply of goods. Currently, GST is divided into 5 tax slabs for collection of tax- 0%, 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%.The Goods & Service Tax came into effect on July 1, 2017 as per the 101st Amendment of the Constitution of India by the Indian Government.
The GST types are determined based on the province in which the goods and/or services are exchanged and transactions made. The types of GST include: • Central Goods & Services Tax (CGST) • State Goods & Services Tax (SGST) • Union Territory GST (UTGST) • Integrated GST (ITGST)